The website GK-IQ.COM contains General Knowledge of Nepal , World, Science, Sports and day to day important information in the form of simple questions and answers. These Nepal General Knowledge Questions and Answers may be useful to any individuals preparing for competitive examinations like Lok Sewa Ayog , Banking Jobs or for different private and government related jobs. Most GK are based on politics, science and technology,sports,agriculture, tourism, banking, aviation, economics, democracy, history of Nepal. The website have tired to collect best and right information from different source both online and offline. Please advise for any wrong information provided by this website.

Monday, December 17, 2012

Peoples in Himalaya Region in Nepal

Total population in Himalaya Region : - 6.74% of Total Population 
Total Population of Nepal as per the Census 2068 : -2,64,94,504
Main income Source of Himalayan Region People: - Agriculture, Animal and Business
Main festival in this Region: - Loshar (Sherpa, Tamang),Lafewa (Thakali) etc
"Byasi" creeds are found in :- Darchula
"Dhawala" festival is main festival of : - "Byasi"

Sunday, December 16, 2012

WTO and Nepal


  1. When was WTO  established ? : - 1995 January 1
  2. GATT was established on 1948 Jan 1
  3. GATT changed to WTO on 1995 January 1
  4. WTO: - World Trade Organization
  5. WTO is the follower of  GATT
  6. GATT: General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
  7.  Areas of WTO : - 4 Areas 
  8. Principles of GATT: - a. Most favored Nation- MFN principle b. National Treatment Principle            c. Market access Principle d. Transparency Principle. 
  9. First ministerial meeting of WTO : - Singapore, 1996
  10. Ministerial meetings of WTO takes place in 2 /2 years. 
  11. Head Office of WTO : - Geneva, Switzerland. 
  12. Nepal become the member of WTO on 2004 April 23, 2061 B.S Baisakh 11
  13. Nepal is the 147th member of WTO.
  14. Fifth ministerial meeting approved Nepal as 147th member of WTO, which was held in Kyakun, Mexico. 
  15. Least Developed countries in WTO : - 35
  16. TRIPS is related to WTO. 
  17. TRIPS - Trade- Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights. 
  18. ACP = African, Caribbean and Pacific Group. 
  19. AD = Anti Dumping Measures
  20. AFTA = ASEAN Free Trade Area
  21. AMS= Aggregate Measurement of Support 
  22. APEC = Asia- Pacific Economic Cooperation
  23. ATC = Association on Textiles and Clothing



Medieval Period


  1. In World history the period between the collapsing of  the Roman Emperor  and the discovery of America is called Medieval Period. 
  2. The period of end of slavery system in Europe and rise of सामन्ती प्रथा  is known as Medieval Period. 
  3. In Medieval period the owner of all lands in the country would be the King
  4. The farmers were catagorised  as Slave Class people in Medieval Period
  5. Ancient Greek Civilization is also called Unani Civilization. 
  6. The birth of Drama took place in Unani Civilization.
  7. The country was called Polish during Greek or Unani Civilization. 
  8. Main crops grown in  Unani Civilization : Wheat. 
  9. The civilization evolved in the bank of Tiber River : Roman Civilization. 
  10. Cement was first used  during Roman Civilization. 
  11. The founder of Roman Emperor: Peter Leeward
  12. God Of Unanis: Zeus
  13. Pyramid means the mummy of Greek kings, 
  14. Modern name of Mesopotamia is Iraq. 
  15. Roman Civilization started the 365 days in a year and also the monthly calender. 
  16. 1 month = 4 Weeks, 1 hrs = 60 minutes and 1 min = 60 sec all these calculations credit goes to Babylonian. 
  17. When did Chinese Civilization raised ?  2697 A.D
  18. Silk, Paper, Publication House, Tea, Placards, Soybean was first used in  China. 
  19. End of Western Roman Emperor : 476 A.D
  20. End of Eastern Roman Emperor: 453 A.D
  21. When did Columbus Discovered America ? : 1492 A.D
  22. Great  Scientist born during Medieval Period: Tomeli, Copernicus, Fruno and Galileo 
  23. In Europe which century o is considered as last period of Medieval period: 15th Century. 
  24. After which revolution , Medieval period ends? French Revolution
  25. In the Medieval period how much percent of total income should be paid to Church by the farmer? : 10%
  26. This compulsory rule to pay to the Church by the farmers was called Tyth
  27.  Founder of Islam ?  : Paigambar Mohammad 
  28. The war between Islam and Christian during medieval period lasted for 200 years. This war was called Kused. 
  29. The ancient Greek from 3000 b.c to 2500 b.c is called Pyramid Age or Period.  

General Knowledge on World History


  1. Father of History: Herodotus
  2. Into how many periods or parts world History can be studied: 5 parts. 
  3. Five Periods of World History: Pre-Historical, Ancient, Medieval, Modern and Contemporary. 
  4. Which Civilization is most developed civilization relating to Human: Greek Civilization
  5. Ancient period in the world History: 3rd Century to 5th Century of B.C
  6. How old is Ancient Greek Civilization: 3400 B.C years old. 
  7. Charles Darwin in 1859 A.D published the book which tells that human beings evolved from Ape species of Monkey and still today we believe so. The name of the book is "On the Origin of Species".
  8.  Which river is the boon for Ancient Greek Civilization: Nile River
  9. World famous Pyramid are related to Ancient Greek Civilization. 
  10. The King in Ancient Greek Civilization was called: Farao(फरहो  )
  11. During Ancient Greek , whose period is called the Golden Period: Amenhotep IV(अमनहोटेप  चतुर्थ)  )
  12. सुमेरियन सभ्यतामा समयमा  हिरास र अमन  भन्नाले क लई बुजिंथियो ? सुर्य  देवता 
  13. The main God of Sumerian : Sun and Moon.
  14. Sindhu Ghati(सिन्धु  घाँ टी ) Civilization is also known as : Haddapa and Mohanjoddo Civilization. (हद्दपा rर मोहन जोद्ठो शभ्यता   ) 
  15. Where is  Haddapa and Mohanjoddo Civilization. (हद्दपा rर मोहन जोद्ठो ? Punjab, Pakistan
  16. Actual meaning of Mohanjoddo : Dead body's (लाशको थुप्रो )
  17. When was Sindhu Ghati Civilization developed? From 2700 b.c to 1500 B.C
  18. In Mesopotamia Civilization Priest and temple were the center of the Knowledge.
  19.  Sinhu Ghati Civilization, Meospotamia Civilization, Ancient Greek civilization and Chinese Civilization is also called River Ghati Civilization. 

Friday, December 14, 2012

Janak


  • King Janak is also called Raj -Shree Maharaj
  • Daughter of King Janak : Sita
  • Real name of King Janak : Shirdwaj.
  • State of King Janak: Mithila Pradesh
  • Ancient Mithila Pradesh is now in Dhanusha District
  • Sita was married to Price of Ayodya Ram Chandra
  • The Bow (Shiva - Dhanu ) in King's Janak Palace is called Pinak.
"Updesh" Great Words from King Janak.
  1. Live Together with Harmony.
  2. Work together
  3. Eat together with Sharing
  4. Unite for the peace.
  5. No Violence.


National Lumuniaries of Nepal

  1. Janak
  2.  Sita
  3. Gautam Buddha
  4.  Anshuverma
  5. Arniko
  6. Ram Shah
  7. Prithvi Narayan Shah
  8. Bir Balbhadra
  9. Amar Singh Thapa
  10. Bhimsen Thapa
  11. Bhanu Bhakta Acharya
  12. Motiram Bhatta
  13. King Tribhuvan
  14. Shankadar Shakwa
  15. Pasang Lahamu Sherpa
  16. Tapaswi Mahaguru Falgunanda


Gautam Buddha


Birth: 626 B.C Baisakh Purnima.
Childhood name: Siddhartha Gautam
Place of Birth: Lumbini, Kapilbastu
Father- Mother: Suddodan- Mayadevi
Name of Son :Rahul
Wife's Name: Yasodhara
  Enlightment : 588 B.C Baisakh Purnima
tTitle: Ligh Of Asia
Selfdied: 543 A.d Baisakh Purnima( Kusinagar, India )

Thursday, December 13, 2012

Environment and Sustainable Development


Environment and Sustainable Development:

  1. World become curious about Sustainable Development from? : - 1970 decade.
  2. Brut land Commission is related to : - Sustainable Development
  3. When was Environment and Sustainable Development Commission formed? : - 1983 on the Chairmanship of Norwegian President Gro Harlem Brutland.
  4. Title of 1987 Brut land Commission: - “Our Common Future”
  5. UN 38th General Assembly formed the Commission on environment and Sustainable development in 1983 A.D.
  6. Stockholm convention on Human and Environment: - 1972 June 5 to 26.
  7. Earth Summit: 1992 June 3 -14: Rio De Generio, 2002: South Africa, Johannesburg, 2012: Rio de Generio, Brazil
  8. According to Environmentalist what is the required percentage of forest land to ensure balance in the environment? : - 43%
  9. From when “Environment and Land Policy” was regulated in Nepal? : - 6th Plan
  10. From when “National Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines ” presented in Nepal? : - 2050/2/4 B.S
  11. World Environment Day:  - June 5
  12. World Environment Slogan 2011: - Forest: Nature at your Service.
  13. World Environment Slogan 2012: -Green Economy: Does it include you?
  14. In Nepal (Kathmandu Valley) when was “Public Vehicle Emission Test Check” started formally? : - 2051/1/1
  15. Who is the president of “Environment Protection Council” of Nepal? : - Prime minister.
  16. Agenda-21 is related to: - Mountain environment.
  17. When was “Environment Protection Act” introduced in Nepal? : - 2053 B.S
  18. When did “Vehicular Pollution Standards maintained” in Nepal? : --2056 B.S
  19. The 3500 K.M long forest wall is being made in South Africa like Great Wall of China.
  20. International union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) was established on : - 1984 A.D
  21. United nation Environment Programme (UNEP) was established on : - 1972 Dec 15
  22. International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade: 1981 to 1990 A.D
  23. For the safety of Ozone Layer, the International Summit was held in Montreal Canada in 1987 A.D (Montreal Protocol).
  24. Kyoto Protocol was signed in 1997 in Japan (Kyoto), to save Ozone Layer.
  25.  Nepal become the member of IUCN in : - 1973 A.D
  26. International Environment Price  established by UNEP : -“Global-500
  27. “Goldman-Price” was first received by Indian Mahesh Chandra Mahato in 1996
  28. First Nepalese to receive “Global-500”: - Dr. Krishna Kumar Pandey.
  29. In interim Constitution 2063 in which Dhara “Environment Protection Act” is mentioned? : -Dhara 35(5)
  30. Yearly Earth’s surface temperature is increasing by how much percent? : 4%

…………..Refer Book for more information….Thank you……………………….


Planets and Satellite


Information of Planets:-
S.N
Planet
Distance from Sun
Diameter
Time to revolve around Sun
Satellites
Special
1.
Mercury
  5,76,000,00
4847
87.9
---
Morning Star
2.
Venus
10,75,000,00
12,320
224.7
---
Evening Star
3.
Earth
14,88,000,00
12,735
365.25
1
Living Planet
4.
Mars
22,64,000,00
6731
686.9
2
Red Planet
5.
Jupiter
77,80,000,00
1,42,867
11.83 years
63
Biggest Planet
6.
Saturn
1,41,78,000,00
1,14,339
29.5 years
60
Second Big.
7.
Uranus
2,85,28,000,00
54,820
84.01 years
27
Green Planet
8.
Neptune
4,46,88,000,00
49,748
164,9 years
13
Yellow Planet








1. When was Pluto removed from the Solar System? : - 2006 September 1
2. When Pluto was named the 9th planet of Solar System? : - 1930A.D
3. In 1953 A.D Nicolas Copernicus gave the view that Earth and other planet revolve around the Sun. Before 1953 it was believed that Sun and other planet revolved around the Earth. Nicolas Copernicus was from which country?  : - Poland.
4. Surface temperature of Mercury: - 35 Degree C in Day & -170 Degree C Night
5. Satellite of Mars: Phobos and Deimos.
6. Biggest satellite of Jupiter: -Ganemid
7. Biggest satellite of Saturn: -Titan
8. Number of Satellites on Solar System: -166
9. When did man landed on moon? : - 1969 July 21 (Neil Armstrong and Edwin Adeline)
 10. The place where Neil and Edwin landed on Moon is called Sea of Tranquility.” 

Eclipse


8. ECLIPSE
A. Solar Eclipse:
  1. The condition in which Sun, Moon and Earth stay on the same line and the light from the sun is blocked by the moon as the result its shadows falls in earth and sun is seen blocked  by black object.
  2. Solar Eclipse occurs only in New Moon Day. Aunsi
  3. 2 types of solar Eclipse: Total and Partial Solar Eclipse.
  4. Solar Eclipse can last maximum for: 8 Minutes.
  5. Longest Solar Eclipse of 21st Century: 2066 Shrawan 7
  6. First Solar Eclipse seen: 2136 B.C October 22 from China.

B. Lunar Eclipse:
  1. When Sun, Earth and Moon lie on the same line, the earth’s shadow falls on the earth and moon is seen covered by black object .This condition of Eclipse is called Lunar Eclipse.
  2. When do Lunar Eclipse Occur? : - Only on Full Moon Day.
  3. Lunar Eclipse can last maximum for: - 4 Hours.
  4. Earth Orbit and Moon’s Orbit is tilted in the angle of: -5.15 Degree

Sun
  1. Nearest star of Earth? : - Sun
  2. Distance of Earth and Sun : - 14,88,000,00 K.M (9,30,000,00 miles)
  3. Surface temperature of Sun : - 5,400 Degree C
  4. Temperature in the center of the Sun :- 1,50,000,00 Degree C
  5. Diameter of Sun : -13,48,446 K.M
  6. Sunrays time to reach earth Surface: 8 min 20 Sec.
  7. Longest Day: June 21
  8. Smallest Day: December 22
  9. Time for sun to revolve around its orbit: -25 Days 5 Hrs.
  10. Sun’s Orbit is Called: Galactic Center

Continental Drift


5. CONTENENTIAL DRIFT

  1. Who first gave the theory of Continental Drift? : - German Meteorologist and Geophysist Alfred Wegner.
  2. Continental Drift Theory is also called? : - Wegner Theory
  3. When was Wegner Theory given? : - 1912 A.D
  4. From when Wegner theory was popular? : - 1924 A.D
  5. Continental Drift Theory is based on? : - Change in Environment (Jal- Bayu Parivartan)
  6. Jigsaw fit is related to? : - Geological Evidence of Continental Drift Theory.
  7. Wegner named the water area around the Earth as: -Panthalasa.
  8. In Carboniferous age, what was earth called which was one big ball? : - Pangaea
  9. Which sea existed in the place where Himalaya Mountain exists today? : - Thethys
  10. Pangaea divided into two parts Lowarensia (Northern Part) and Gondwanaland (Southern Part).

Latitude and Longitude


4. LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE

Latitude is a Geographic co-ordination that specifies the north-south position of a point on the Earth’s surface. Latitude is the angle which ranges from 00 at the Equator to 900 (North or South) at the Poles.

  1. What is Latitude?  :  - Imaginary Lines.
  2. Measurement of Latitude is done by     : - Degree, Minute and Second.
  3. How much length is there in each 1 Degree? : -       111 K.M
  4. Total Latitude lines: 180 (North Pole: 90 and South Pole: 90).
  5. Tropic of Cancer is 23 ½ 0 North Latitude.
  6. Tropic of Capricorn is 23 ½ degree South Latitude.
  7. 66 ½ degree North Latitude is called Artic Circle
  8. 66 ½ degree South Latitude is called Antarctic Circle.
  9. 0 degree Latitude = Equator Line.
     ……………………………………………………………………        

  1. What is Longitude? : - Imaginary Lines.
  2. In each 1degree Longitude, what is the time difference? : - 4min.
  3. In 15 degree longitude, what is the time difference? : - 1 Hr.
  4. Longitude is also called Meridian of Longitudes.
  5. Longitude is measure is Degree, Minutes and Seconds.  60 second equals to one minute and one minute equals to? : - 1 Degree
  6. Total longitudinal lines: - 360 (180 in South Pole and 180 in North Pole in difference of 1/1 degree.)

Continent and Geographical Areas


3. CONTINENTS AND GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS

S.
N
Continent
Area
 (Sq. K.M)
   (Sq. Miles)
Total % of Land Area
Latitude
Longitude
Population
In Corers
Total % of World Population
1.
Asia
4,45,79,000
  1,72,12,000
29.92
100 S to 780 N
250 E to 1700 W

420 C
60
2.
Africa
3,00,65,000
  1,16,08,000
20.18
370N to 350 S
200 W to 50 0E

107 C
15.3
3.
N.
America
2,44,74,000
  94,49,460
16.43
100 N  to 80 0 N
20 0W to 1600W

54 C
7.8
4.
S. America
1,78,19,000
  68,79,000
11.93
120 N to 56 0S
350W to 800 E

40 C
5.7
5.
Antarctica
1,40,000,00
  54,05,415
9.4
66033S to 90 0 S
1140E to 1530E

---
---
6.
Europe
99,38,000
  38,37,081
6.67
360N to 710N
200 W to 650 W

75 C
10.7
7.
Australia
81,12,000
  31,32,059
5.44
100S to 400 S
1140E to 1530 W
4 C
0.5
Total
14,89,87,000
  5,75,23,015
100

700 C
100

Oceans of the Earth


2. OCEANS

S.N
Name of Ocean
Area
(Sq. Km)
Average
Depth
(meter)
Total Water Surface Covered
Deepest Part of the Ocean
1.
Pacific Ocean
16.57 Corer
(Triangle)
4300 m
45.5 %
Mariana Trench
(11776 m)
2.
Atlantic Ocean
(Ocean of Commerce)
8.24 Corer
(S)
3700 m
23 %
Puerto Rico Deep
(9128 m)
3.
Indian Ocean
(Ocean of Monsoon and Oil)
7.35 Corer
3900 m
20 %
Java Trench
(7450 m)
4.
Antarctic Ocean
2.44 Corer
2400 m
7%
---
5.
Artic Ocean
1.51 Corer
1330 m
4%
Molly Deep
(5608 m)

Composition of Earth


  1. 1. COMPOSITION OF EARTH
  2. 1.      Area of Earth: 51, 000, 000, 0 Sq. Km (19,70,000,00 Sq. Miles)
  3. 2.      Equatorial Diameter of Earth: 12,756 K.M
  4. 3.      Polar Diameter : 12,714 K.M
  5. 4.      Polar Radius: 6,371 K.M
  6. 5.      Distance difference between Polar and Equatorial Diameter: 42 K.M (0.3%)
  7. 6.      Distance between Sun and Earth: 14, 88,000.00 K.M (9, 30, 000, 00 Miles).
  8. 7.      Perimeter of Earth: 40,800 K.M
  9. 8.      Total Land Area: Around 14,000,000,0 Sq. K. M  (29% of total Earth Area)
  10. 9.      Total Water Surface Area: Around 37,000,000,0 Sq. K.M (71% of total Earth Area)


S.N
Layer
Total Area
%
Thickness and (Density)
Element
1.
Barysphere
16
60 K.M in Continent
20 to 0 K.M in Ocean
(2.75 to 2.9 gm/cm3)
Silica and Aluminum
(SIAL)
2
Pyrosphere
68
60 to 2900 K.M
(3.1 to 5.0 gm/cm3)
Silica and Magnesium
(SIMA)
3
Lithosphere
16
2900 to 6371 K.M
(5.1 to 11 gm/ cm3)
Nickel and Fermium (NIFE)

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